--- tags: project, Taiwan title: 'forkonomy() - Public' Authors: Winnie Soon + TzuTung Lee link: https://hackmd.io/@siusoon/forkonomy-public --- # forkonomy() 岔經濟() ![](https://i.imgur.com/RGzrihi.gif") <iframe width="560" height="315" src="https://www.youtube.com/embed/xbpDhIA_kRQ" title="YouTube video player" frameborder="0" allow="accelerometer; autoplay; clipboard-write; encrypted-media; gyroscope; picture-in-picture" allowfullscreen></iframe> ### Description 描述: In contemporary economical expansion, America federal and banks, giant tech corporations have managed to maintain their colonial forces to govern the accessibility and distribution of resources. The rise of China economic power, though operating in a different regime, also follows and adopts similar capitalistic, centralized and advanced (computable) machines, in which the invisible hand exploits ecologies and alienates labors. The economy trade bloc further demarcates the nowaday island states and territories of the Pacific. However, many people have lived and traversed through the sea, between islands, coastlines, and cities for over two thousand years. Taiwan as the northeast Austronesians and Hong Kong 蜑家 Dang-Chia as “ocean peoples” viewed the world as “a sea of islands” rather than “places along the continent”. With the history and development of port infrastructure, it is not surprised that bartering and piracy on material and intangible wealth were the precursors to the monetary system. Through Forkonomy(), we are interested in rethinking the politics of our contemporary economic and technical-cultural systems. By employing free and open source software and decentralized protocols, we set the participatory project as a commoning ship for people of the pacific who want to queer the matters of hierarchies, ownership, gendered labor division, as well as to fight against the constant threats of maintaining a high degree of autonomy regarding the land and the sea. Forknomy() shall sail the economy and autonomy into a queer ocean of freedom and the sea of commonwealth. More: Work-in-progress: https://beta.hackfoldr.org/forkonomy # Workshop 在當代經濟擴張的環境下,美國聯邦和銀行,大型科技公司設法維持其殖民力量來管理資源的可及性和分配。儘管中國是在不同的制度下運作,但也遵循並採用了類似的資本主義,集中化和先進的(可計算的)機器大大提高了中國經濟實力。可是無形的手卻利用了生態並影响了勞動分工。經濟貿易集團及政治利益進一步劃分了當今的太平洋島國和領土。 然而,兩千多年來許多人在島嶼,海岸線和城市之間的海洋中生活和穿越。台灣是東北的南極人,香港蜑家被稱為“海洋民族”,並把世界視為“島嶼之海”,而不是“陸上的地方”。有著港口基礎設施的背景,從以物易物和海盜行為發展到現今的貨幣體系是不足為奇。 通過岔經濟(),我們希望以共有、共治、共享的角度再次審視財產與國家的關係、與參與者思考與制定如何擁有海洋、以及用何種形式擁有海洋。接著,如果我們共同持有這片海洋,又該如何共同經營、管理以及維護它?藉由自由及開源軟體以及去中心化協定,這個參與式計畫如同一艘太平洋地區人民共有的船,船上的乘客一步步對階級、擁有權、性別勞動分工、基礎建設等問題提出質疑。所有參與者將共同探討岔經濟()如何將經濟和自治的概念駛入自由的酷兒之洋以及共享之海。 更多: 工作進行中: https://beta.hackfoldr.org/forkonomy ==**參與這星期六/日的[網上工作坊](https://meet.jit.si/labkilllab/forkonomy) @1400 或 前往空總圖書館位置參與岔經濟(公開拍賣)@ 1730**== ### Our guiding question 我們的導向性問題 ![](https://i.imgur.com/MGfnnfb.png) **For the overall project: /對於整個項目** ==What does it mean by buying/owning one milliliter of ocean from South China Sea? 購買/擁有一毫升海洋的南海是什麼意思?== **For the Workshop 對於工作坊:** 1) 19 December (Sat) 14.00-19.00. 2) 20 December (Sun) 14.00-19.00. To join online: https://meet.jit.si/labkilllab/forkonomy ==How to buy/own one milliliter of Ocean from South China Sea? 我們要如何購買/擁有一毫升的南海?== [Open call letter](https://clab.org.tw/en/events/lab-kill-lab-%e3%80%8a%e5%b2%94%e7%b6%93%e6%bf%9f%ef%bc%88%ef%bc%89%e3%80%8b%e5%b7%a5%e4%bd%9c%e5%9d%8aopen-call/) **Why choosing South China Sea as a figurative and pirated object (of study) to think about forkonomy, digital commons and piracy? 為什麼選擇南海作為具有像徵意義的盜版對象(研究對象)來考慮共有、共治、共享和盜版?** :::spoiler Geopolitical site 地緣政治位置 Rethinking the politics of our colonial and capitalized economy: As South China Sea is one of the most debatable sea areas, reflecting the power struggles between Philippines, Borneo, Vietnam, and China. It is also a place for military operations, rehersals and practice, showing off the power of a country and simutaneously creating threats on invasions. But it is more than power dynamics within Asia, in which USA is another involved player to develop and secure the network with other alliances and to continously impose influencing power in the region. All in all, the sea gives an enormous trade value, military value, and world power. 第一是有關 南海的地緣政治位置:中南海是最有爭議的海域之一,因為這片海洋 反映了菲律賓,婆羅洲,台灣、越南和中國之間的權力鬥爭。這裡也是軍事行動,演習和實踐的場所,它展示了一個國家的力量,同時對入侵造成了威脅。 另外就是天然資源- 各種熱帶海產、石油與天然氣去供應油氣。總而言之,海洋賦予了巨大的貿易價值,軍事價值和世界力量。 other note: The politics of naming and ownership: "Beijing and most other countries know it as the South China Sea. Hanoi calls it as the East Sea and Manila refers to it as West Philippines Sea." ::: :::spoiler Buying/Owning/licensing 購買/擁有/擁有權 It is inevitable to address ownership (in terms of who is owning South China Sea now, and how to own it as this is the available resource). People who will buy/own the sea will then sign a contract in our workshop/performance which serves as the evidence of their transaction and ownership of South China Sea. But this also gives us a chance to rethink the eonomic model of buying/owning, and to problematize the act of buying involves more fundamental political issues, including licensing, what forms of ownership, transfer of ownership, beneficals, and many other details regarding terms and conditions. (we are especially interested in creative common licencing, FreeArt Licenses and the translation of land to sea contractual terms) ::: :::spoiler Indigenous territory issues 小數民族領土問題 Indigenous territory issues have not been resolved within the contemporary economical expansion. Historically, the government has showed their regime by violently or decietfully forcing indigenous people sigining land contracts, or by putting tax on the land or on the use of the land. What about the sea? Many people have lived and formed their economy circles on/around the sea, yet, the idea behind the sea-ownership seems still a copy-paste of how we own the land, and still a place where the national power fight with each other. ::: :::spoiler Commonweath/Commoning 聯邦/共享 One milliliter of the South China Sea water then will be shipped to buyer's place. The project expects that by having as many people buying one milliliter of the South China Sea, the sea will eventually become an ocean of "commonwealth". But this also raises issue in terms of how to maintain the 'resource'/'asset', and this is related to communities (if you think about the nature of water and it is difficult to separate the 'unit' in reality, then what forms of 'code of conduct' (using the feminist approach) for everyone to ensure it will be operated in a fair, open, diverse and more equal fashion? How to run a queer economy? ::: ![](https://i.imgur.com/ZJD4yYn.png) image credit: Pete ### Workshop elements: [slide / 投影片](https://hackmd.io/@siusoon/forkonomy_slide#/) The workshop consists of online and offline elements, exploring 本工作坊將分為線上及現場兩部分,探討 1) code as law to think through transactions, ownerships and contractual terms; 將程式碼視為法律,用以思考交易、所有權和合約等條款 2) the code of conduct to think about the conditions to maintain a queer economy; 用以思考維護酷兒經濟條件的行為準則 3) code as the language to navigate questions/ideas and experience ocean mining and piracy via computational means.將程式碼視為語言,以瀏覽問題/想法,並透過運算工具體驗海洋採礦及海盜行為。 e.g [Ocean mining video](https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ba7fdF7KC1E&feature=youtu.be), [Question generator](https://editor.p5js.org/siusoon/present/k6xUx6nbc) and [Forkonomy() Mhubs](https://hubs.mozilla.com/uTnEQX4/forkonomy) **Workshop flow 工作坊流程** **En** ```sequence Note left of Artist: Introduction, Acknowledgement Artist-->Participants: Let's Set the price for the water. Note right of Participants: Write their price note Participants->Artist: Render the note Note left of Artist: Annouce who wins the first round Artist-->Participants: Let's set the Contracts Note right of Participants: Draft ownership/management codes Participants->Artist: Render contract drafts Note left of Artist: Record, Scan, upload and print contract Artist-->Participants: Sign and make the exchange Note right of Participants: Buy/Own the South China Sea ``` **Zh** ```sequence Note left of 藝術家: 計畫介紹與認知聲明 藝術家-->參與者: 請出價願付的海水價格 Note right of 參與者: 寫出價紙條 參與者->藝術家: 交付紙條 Note left of 藝術家: 宣布誰獲得此輪海水 藝術家-->參與者: 請開始設定合約:合作社模式/私人/國家 etc. Note right of 參與者: 草擬擁有權及管理方法 參與者->藝術家: 交付合約 Note left of 藝術家: 紀錄、掃描、上傳、影印合約 藝術家-->參與者: 簽署合約並完成交易 Note right of 參與者: 帶走南海 ``` **Workshop folder 工作坊文件夾** ![](https://i.imgur.com/3rGhSUf.gif) 1. Contract 合約 [1](https://hackmd.io/dASAO4_IQZmjIg-VjcwSrg?both), [2](https://hackmd.io/@Ry-0Wt7UTBGfv_8QhjDgng/rJQZfInhD) 2. Code of Conduct 行為準則 [1](https://hackmd.io/cNhHS34mRb69aPRCHRAd4w), [2](https://hackmd.io/EEsgDhCPRoa6vLqyYOLYQg) 3. [code certificate 程式碼證書](https://gitlab.com/siusoon/forkonomy/-/blob/master/certificate.js) ### Artists <img src="https://i.imgur.com/yZwF0QS.jpg" width="300"> **TzuTung Lee** is a Taiwanese conceptual artist. Her/Zer works focus on how one can survive and regain autonomy through their identities, with a special focus on the hegemony of Chinese Sino-centrism, the trauma of modernity, and the current epistemological injustice. She/Ze experiments how art practice can test and decolonize the contemporary form of art, technology, and authorities. Tzu Tung has participated in several political groups, and also organized Tinyverse co-op, building the network for transdisciplinary conversations. More: www.tzutung.com 李紫彤為臺灣觀念藝術家,其參與式作品結合人類學研究與政治行動,關注人們如何透過自身認同以繼續生存並重獲自主性。他尤其關注以中國華人為中心的霸權、現代性的創傷及當前的知識不正義,並以藝術實踐為實驗,探討如何測試及去殖民化當代藝術、科技和威權的形式。李紫彤曾參與多個政治性團體,並為建立跨領域對話網絡,組織《微米宇宙 Tinyverse co-op》。詳見網站 www.tzutung.com **Winnie Soon** was born and raised in Hong Kong, increasingly aware of, and confronting, identity politics regarding its colonial legacy and postcolonial authoritarianism. As an artist-researcher, she/they is interested in queering the intersections of technical and artistic practices as a feminist praxis, with works appearing in museums, galleries, festivals, distributed networks, papers and books. Researching in the areas of software studies and computational practices, she/they is currently Associate Professor at Aarhus University, Denmark. More: www.siusoon.net 孫詠怡生長於香港,並逐漸意識及面臨有關殖民遺跡和後殖民威權主義的身分政治。作為一位藝術家及研究者,他對探究技術和藝術交會相當感興趣,並將此視為一種女性主義實踐。其作品見於美術館、畫廊、藝術節、分散式網路、論文及專書。他的研究領域為軟體研究及運算實踐,現為丹麥奧胡斯大學副教授。詳見網站www.siusoon.net。 **Contact: 聯絡** forkonomy@protonmail.com