Features === **[English version](/features)** **[中文版](/features-tw)** **[日本語版](/features-jp)** **[:arrow_right: Check the source of this note :arrow_left:](/features?both)** **[Read the complete tutorial](https://hackmd.io/c/tutorials)** Introduction === <i class="fa fa-file-text"></i> **HackMD** is a realtime, multi-platform collaborative markdown knowledge base. You can write notes with other people on your **desktop**, **tablet** or even on the **phone**. Please report new issues in [GitHub](https://github.com/hackmdio/hackmd-io-issues/issues/new). If you need instant help, please send us a [Facebook message](https://www.messenger.com/t/hackmdio). **Thank you very much!** Workspace === ## Modes **Desktop & Tablet** <i class="fa fa-pencil fa-fw"></i> Edit: See only the editor. <i class="fa fa-eye fa-fw"></i> View: See only the result. <i class="fa fa-columns fa-fw"></i> Both: See both in split view. **Mobile** <i class="fa fa-eye fa-fw"></i> View: See only the result. <i class="fa fa-pencil fa-fw"></i> Edit: See only the editor. ## Image Upload: You can upload an image simply by clicking on the camera button <i class="fa fa-camera"></i>. Alternatively, you can **drag-n-drop** an image into the editor. Even **pasting** images is possible! This will automatically upload the image to **[imgur](http://imgur.com)**, nothing to worry. :tada: ![](https://i.imgur.com/9cgQVqD.png) :::info :bulb: **Hint**: In the private team plan, the image will be uploaded to a private S3 storage and only accessible through the note. ::: ## Share Notes: Press the share button <i class="fa fa-share-alt"></i> on the top right of the menu and click **Copy** button to copy the note URL link to your clipboard. To publish and customize the note URL with permalink, please read **[How to Publish a Note with Permalink](https://hackmd.io/c/tutorials/%2Fs%2Fhow-to-publish-note)**. ## Save a Note: Currently, you can save to **Dropbox** <i class="fa fa-dropbox"></i>, **Google Drive**, **Gist <i class="fa fa-github"></i>** or save an `.md` file <i class="fa fa-file-text"></i> and `.html` locally. ## Import Notes: Similarly to the _save_ feature, you can also import an `.md` or `.html` file from **Dropbox** <i class="fa fa-dropbox"></i>, **Google Drive**, **Gist <i class="fa fa-github"></i>** or import content from your **clipboard** <i class="fa fa-clipboard"></i>, and that can parse some **HTML** which might be useful :smiley: ## Permissions: It is possible to change permissions to a note through the button on the share button <i class="fa fa-share-alt"></i> on the top right of the menu, click the button and you will see the **Sharing** menu. For **read** and **write** permissions, you can either choose: **Owners**, **Signed-in users** or **Everyone**. For **commenting** permission, please click **More** in the sharing menu and choose either: **Forbidden**, **Owners**, **Signed-in users** or **Everyone**. You even can disable the commenting feature through the toggle <i class="fa fa-toggle-on"></i> to the right of the commenting label. **Only the owners of the note can change above permissions.** To invite specific user to a note, please read **[Invite Others to a Private Note](https://hackmd.io/c/tutorials/%2Fs%2Finvite)**. ## Embed a Note: Notes can be embedded using iframe as follows: ```xml <iframe width="100%" height="500" src="https://hackmd.io/features" frameborder="0"></iframe> ``` Or you can use embed syntax to include a note seamlessly, please read **[Embedding another note](https://hackmd.io/c/tutorials/%2Fs%2Fhow-to-embed-note)**. ## [Slide Mode](/slide-example): You can use a special syntax to organize your note into slides. After that, you can use the **Slide Mode** <i class="fa fa-tv"></i> to make a presentation. Visit the above link for details. ## [Book Mode](/book-example): You can make your notes into a book. List your links in order or nest them. Then use the **Book Mode** <i class="fa fa-book"></i> to make a collection. Visit the above link for details. View === ## Table of Contents: You can look at the bottom right section of the view area, there is a _ToC_ button <i class="fa fa-bars"></i>. Pressing that button will show you a current _Table of Contents_, and will highlight which section you're at. If the view area is wide enough, to ToC will show directly at the right section of the view area. ToCs support up to **three header levels**. ## Header link Every header will automatically add a url link on the left side. You can hover and click <i class="octicon octicon-link"></i> to anchor on it. Edit: === ## Shortcut Keys: Just like Sublime text, which is pretty quick and convenient. > For more infomation, see [here](https://codemirror.net/demo/sublime.html). ## Auto-Complete: This editor provides full auto-complete hints in markdown. - Emojis: type `:` to show hints. - Code blocks: type ` ``` ` and plus a character to show hint. <i style="display: none;">```</i> - Headers: type `#` to show hint. - Referrals: type `[]` to show hint. - Externals: type `{}` to show hint. - Images: type `!` to show hint. ## Title: This will take the first **level 1 header** as the note title. ## Tags: Using tags as follows, the specified tags will show in your note list. ###### tags: `features` `cool` `updated` ## [YAML Metadata](/yaml-metadata) You can provide advanced note information to set the browser behavior (visit above link for details): - title: set note title - description: set note description - image: set note default image (for link preview) - tags: set note tags - robots: set web robots meta - lang: set browser language - dir: set text direction - breaks: set to use line breaks - GA: set to use Google Analytics - disqus: set to use Disqus - slideOptions: setup slide mode options ## ToC: Use the syntax `[TOC]` to embed table of content into your note. [TOC] ## Emoji You can type any emoji like this :smile: :smiley: :cry: :wink: > See full emoji list [here](https://github.com/ikatyang/emoji-cheat-sheet). ## ToDo List: - [ ] ToDos - [x] Buy some salad - [ ] Brush teeth - [x] Drink some water ## Code Block: We support many programming languages, use the auto complete function to see the entire list. ```javascript= var s = "JavaScript syntax highlighting"; alert(s); function $initHighlight(block, cls) { try { if (cls.search(/\bno\-highlight\b/) != -1) return process(block, true, 0x0F) + ' class=""'; } catch (e) { /* handle exception */ } for (var i = 0 / 2; i < classes.length; i++) { if (checkCondition(classes[i]) === undefined) return /\d+[\s/]/g; } } ``` > If you want **line numbers**, type `=` after specifying the code block languages. > Also, you can specify the start line number. > Like below, the line number starts from 101: ```javascript=101 var s = "JavaScript syntax highlighting"; alert(s); function $initHighlight(block, cls) { try { if (cls.search(/\bno\-highlight\b/) != -1) return process(block, true, 0x0F) + ' class=""'; } catch (e) { /* handle exception */ } for (var i = 0 / 2; i < classes.length; i++) { if (checkCondition(classes[i]) === undefined) return /\d+[\s/]/g; } } ``` > Or you might want to continue the previous code block's line number, use `=+` ```javascript=+ var s = "JavaScript syntax highlighting"; alert(s); ``` > Sometimes you have a super long text without breaks. It's time to use `!` to wrap your code. ```! When you’re a carpenter making a beautiful chest of drawers, you’re not going to use a piece of plywood on the back. ``` ### Blockquote Tags: > Using the syntax below to specifiy your **name, time and color** to vary the blockquotes. > [name=ChengHan Wu] [time=Sun, Jun 28, 2015 9:59 PM] [color=#907bf7] > > Even support the nest blockquotes! > > [name=ChengHan Wu] [time=Sun, Jun 28, 2015 10:00 PM] [color=red] ### Render CSV as table You can use write csv in the codeblock: ~~~md ```csvpreview {header="true"} firstName,lastName,email,phoneNumber John,Doe,john@doe.com,0123456789 Jane,Doe,jane@doe.com,9876543210 James,Bond,james.bond@mi6.co.uk,0612345678 ``` ~~~ which rendered to: ```csvpreview {header="true"} firstName,lastName,email,phoneNumber John,Doe,john@doe.com,0123456789 Jane,Doe,jane@doe.com,9876543210 James,Bond,james.bond@mi6.co.uk,0612345678 ``` We use [Papa Parse](https://www.papaparse.com/) for parsing csv. The parsing option is given in braces: `{}`, and multiple options are seperated by a space. e.g. `{header="true" delimiter="."}`. Please read [their documentation](https://www.papaparse.com/docs#config) as reference. ## Externals ### YouTube {%youtube 1G4isv_Fylg %} ### Vimeo {%vimeo 124148255 %} ### Gist {%gist schacon/4277 %} ### SlideShare {%slideshare briansolis/26-disruptive-technology-trends-2016-2018-56796196 %} ### Speakerdeck {%speakerdeck sugarenia/xxlcss-how-to-scale-css-and-keep-your-sanity %} ### PDF **Caution: this might be blocked by your browser if not using an `https` URL.** {%pdf https://www.w3.org/TR/WAI-WEBCONTENT/wai-pageauth.pdf %} ## MathJax You can render *LaTeX* mathematical expressions using **MathJax**, as on [math.stackexchange.com](http://math.stackexchange.com/), except the space after the start `$` and the space before the end `$` are not allowed in the inline math: The *Gamma function* satisfying $\Gamma(n) = (n-1)!\quad\forall n\in\mathbb N$ is via the Euler integral For block level math, please give `$$` and a line break before and after your math formula: $$ x = {-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac} \over 2a}. $$ $$ \Gamma(z) = \int_0^\infty t^{z-1}e^{-t}dt\,. $$ > More information about **LaTeX** mathematical expressions [here](http://meta.math.stackexchange.com/questions/5020/mathjax-basic-tutorial-and-quick-reference). ## UML Diagrams ### Sequence Diagrams You can render sequence diagrams like this: ```sequence Alice->Bob: Hello Bob, how are you? Note right of Bob: Bob thinks Bob-->Alice: I am good thanks! Note left of Alice: Alice responds Alice->Bob: Where have you been? ``` ### Flow Charts Flow charts can be specified like this: ```flow st=>start: Start e=>end: End op=>operation: My Operation op2=>operation: lalala cond=>condition: Yes or No? st->op->op2->cond cond(yes)->e cond(no)->op2 ``` ### Graphviz ```graphviz digraph hierarchy { nodesep=1.0 // increases the separation between nodes node [color=Red,fontname=Courier,shape=box] //All nodes will this shape and colour edge [color=Blue, style=dashed] //All the lines look like this Headteacher->{Deputy1 Deputy2 BusinessManager} Deputy1->{Teacher1 Teacher2} BusinessManager->ITManager {rank=same;ITManager Teacher1 Teacher2} // Put them on the same level } ``` ### Mermaid ```mermaid gantt title A Gantt Diagram section Section A task :a1, 2014-01-01, 30d Another task :after a1 , 20d section Another Task in sec :2014-01-12 , 12d anther task : 24d ``` ### Abc ```abc X:1 T:Speed the Plough M:4/4 C:Trad. K:G |:GABc dedB|dedB dedB|c2ec B2dB|c2A2 A2BA| GABc dedB|dedB dedB|c2ec B2dB|A2F2 G4:| |:g2gf gdBd|g2f2 e2d2|c2ec B2dB|c2A2 A2df| g2gf g2Bd|g2f2 e2d2|c2ec B2dB|A2F2 G4:| ``` ### PlantUML ```plantuml start if (condition A) then (yes) :Text 1; elseif (condition B) then (yes) :Text 2; stop elseif (condition C) then (yes) :Text 3; elseif (condition D) then (yes) :Text 4; else (nothing) :Text else; endif stop ``` ### Vega-Lite ```vega { "$schema": "https://vega.github.io/schema/vega-lite/v4.json", "data": {"url": "https://vega.github.io/editor/data/barley.json"}, "mark": "bar", "encoding": { "x": {"aggregate": "sum", "field": "yield", "type": "quantitative"}, "y": {"field": "variety", "type": "nominal"}, "color": {"field": "site", "type": "nominal"} } } ``` ### Fretboard ```fretboard {title="horizontal, 6 frets, with nut", type="h6"} -oO-*- --o-o- -o-oo- -o-oO- -oo-o- -*O-o- 3 ``` > More information about **sequence diagrams** syntax [here](http://bramp.github.io/js-sequence-diagrams/). > More information about **flow charts** syntax [here](http://adrai.github.io/flowchart.js/). > More information about **graphviz** syntax [here](http://www.tonyballantyne.com/graphs.html) > More information about **mermaid** syntax [here](http://mermaid-js.github.io/mermaid) > More information about **abc** syntax [here](http://abcnotation.com/learn) > More information about **vega** syntax [here](https://vega.github.io/vega-lite/docs) > More information about **fretboard** syntax [here](https://hackmd.io/@docs/fretboard-syntax) Alert Area --- :::success Yes :tada: ::: :::info This is a message :mega: ::: :::warning Watch out :zap: ::: :::danger Oh No! :fire: ::: :::spoiler Click to show details You found me :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: ::: :::spoiler {state="open"} Expand the spoiler container by default You found me :stuck_out_tongue_winking_eye: ::: ## Typography ### Headers ``` # h1 Heading ## h2 Heading ### h3 Heading #### h4 Heading ##### h5 Heading ###### h6 Heading ``` ### Horizontal Rules ___ --- *** ### Typographic Replacements Enable typographer option to see result. (c) (C) (r) (R) (tm) (TM) (p) (P) +- test.. test... test..... test?..... test!.... !!!!!! ???? ,, Remarkable -- awesome "Smartypants, double quotes" 'Smartypants, single quotes' ### Emphasis **This is bold text** __This is bold text__ *This is italic text* _This is italic text_ ~~Deleted text~~ lu~lala~ Superscript: 19^th^ Subscript: H~2~O ++Inserted text++ ==Marked text== {ruby base|rubytext} ### Blockquotes > Blockquotes can also be nested... >> ...by using additional greater-than signs right next to each other... > > > ...or with spaces between arrows. ### Lists #### Unordered + Create a list by starting a line with `+`, `-`, or `*` + Sub-lists are made by indenting 2 spaces: - Marker character change forces new list start: * Ac tristique libero volutpat at + Facilisis in pretium nisl aliquet - Nulla volutpat aliquam velit + Very easy! #### Ordered 1. Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet 2. Consectetur adipiscing elit 3. Integer molestie lorem at massa 1. You can use sequential numbers... --- 1. ...or keep all the numbers as `1.` 1. feafw 2. 332 3. 242 4. 2552 1. e2 Start numbering with offset: 57. foo 1. bar ### Code Inline `code` Indented code // Some comments line 1 of code line 2 of code line 3 of code Block code "fences" ``` Sample text here... ``` Syntax highlighting ```javascript var foo = function (bar) { return bar++; }; console.log(foo(5)); ``` ### Tables | Option | Description | | ------ | ----------- | | data | path to data files to supply the data that will be passed into templates. | | engine | engine to be used for processing templates. Handlebars is the default. | | ext | extension to be used for dest files. | Right aligned columns | Option | Description | | ------:| -----------:| | data | path to data files to supply the data that will be passed into templates. | | engine | engine to be used for processing templates. Handlebars is the default. | | ext | extension to be used for dest files. | Left aligned columns | Option | Description | |:------ |:----------- | | data | path to data files to supply the data that will be passed into templates. | | engine | engine to be used for processing templates. Handlebars is the default. | | ext | extension to be used for dest files. | Center aligned columns | Option | Description | |:------:|:-----------:| | data | path to data files to supply the data that will be passed into templates. | | engine | engine to be used for processing templates. Handlebars is the default. | | ext | extension to be used for dest files. | ### Links [link text](http://dev.nodeca.com) [link with title](http://nodeca.github.io/pica/demo/ "title text!") Autoconverted link https://github.com/nodeca/pica ### Images ![Minion](https://octodex.github.com/images/minion.png) ![Stormtroopocat](https://octodex.github.com/images/stormtroopocat.jpg "The Stormtroopocat") Like links, Images also have a footnote style syntax ![Alt text][id] With a reference later in the document defining the URL location: [id]: https://octodex.github.com/images/dojocat.jpg "The Dojocat" ![Minion](https://octodex.github.com/images/minion.png =200x200) Show the image with given size ### Footnotes Footnote 1 link[^first]. Footnote 2 link[^second]. Inline footnote^[Text of inline footnote] definition. Duplicated footnote reference[^second]. [^first]: Footnote **can have markup** and multiple paragraphs. [^second]: Footnote text. ### Definition Lists Term 1 : Definition 1 with lazy continuation. Term 2 with *inline markup* : Definition 2 { some code, part of Definition 2 } Third paragraph of definition 2. _Compact style:_ Term 1 ~ Definition 1 Term 2 ~ Definition 2a ~ Definition 2b ### Abbreviations This is an HTML abbreviation example. It converts "HTML", but keeps intact partial entries like "xxxHTMLyyy" and so on. *[HTML]: Hyper Text Markup Language