Literature on Time-Bounded Events === This is a working document motivated by [Hacking and Making at Time-Bounded Events: Current Trends and Next Steps in Research and Event Design]( [hackathon-workshop-2018]. Questions from this workshop that motivated our reading include: - How do event **goals vary** across contexts and designs? How do we **measure success** in achieving these goals? How do we support more long-term outcomes, such as building a long-term community by **fostering engagement**? - How do we design tools, processes, and workflows that support organizers and community managers, such as **instruments** to evaluate outcomes and assess **community needs**? - How are computer-mediated communication and collaborative **tools** used in **augmenting** time-bounded collaborative events? - What collaboration **structures** support different **event designs** and outcomes? - What **opportunities** and challenges do these tools introduce? - How do we preserve group and work **artefacts** when we move from virtual to face-to-face spaces and vice versa? We hope that the [reading resources](#literature) listed below could be of value to people who both attend and organize hackathons, and are interested in learning more about the different styles and frameworks of such events. <span style="background:yellow">**Join our discussion at DINAcon 2018!** [In pursuit of fair co-creation]( will be a workshop facilitated by Gonzalo Casas, Oleg Lavrovsky & Reto Wick based on some of this material on October 19 in Bern. See: [workshop outline and notes](</span> Please contact our interest group for more information, [edit]( this document if you have something to add, visit [this forum thread]( or our community [chat channel]( ([invite link](, or write to *info* @ - to join the discussion. The following people have contributed to this list so far: - Gonzalo Casas / [researchgate]( - Maryam Chaib / [researchgate]( - Nada Endrissat / [researchgate]( - Oleg Lavrovsky / [researchgate]( / [blog]( - Luc Henry / [epfl]( / [theconversation]( - Reto Wick / [dinacon]( # Literature *Articles that paint the landscape and promote current research on the topic. Additional resources, news items or blog posts of interest, how-to's and handbooks for hackathon organizers, in rough chronological order, divided between generally [neutral or critical](#criticism), and generally [positive](#praise) viewpoints, as well as past or future [events](#events) that are especially relevant to this discussion. Please mark ($) any articles which are not available under Open Access.* ## Criticism [Hackathons as Co-optation Ritual: Socializing Workers and Institutionalizing Innovation in the “New” Economy](, Sharon Zukin et al. (2017) - [Wired]( [From Hackathon to Production]( Tai Klein (2017) [Intransparent hackathons]( MedCityNews (2017) [This is Hackathon Harassment]( Kimberly K. (2017) [Hack for good: Speculative labour, app development and the burden of austerity]( Gregg, M. (2015) [Hackathons and the making of entrepreneurial citizenship]( Irani, L. (2015) [Pitfalls of “Cooptation”]( Pablo Lapegna (2014) [Civic Hackathons: Innovation, Procurement, or Civic Engagement?]( Peter Johnson, Pamela Robinson (2014) [Coding freedom: The ethics and aesthetics of hacking]( Coleman, E. G. (2013) ## Praise [Inclusive Making and Hacking]( (2018, [GitHub]( - An open education resource which focuses on the design aspects of making hackathons an excellent experience for a diverse participant base. [When Do Workshops Work?]( (2017) - A thoughtful piece, from people we respect, which could lead to a collaboration. [How to run a hackathon]( Joshua Tauberer (2017) - Similar to the open data HOWTO guide, this one in particular was very helpful during the organization of [MakeZurich 2017]( - [How to Run a Hackathon]( (2015) is a similar reference from the Open Data Field Guide by Socrata ($) [Characterizing hacking: Mundane engagement in US hacker and makerspaces]( Davies, S. R. (2018) - Interesting survey of the "maker movement" across America, in particular the motivation of hackers and makers, and the emergence of counterculture. [The Sociology of Hackathons]( (2016) - "Hackathons are also a creative outlet for members of the field: a spiritual way to transcend the work that they produce in school or work." [Urban Hackathon - Alternative Information Based and Participatory Approach to Urban Development]( Pogačara, Žižek (2016) - A paper on a type of an interesting kind of hackathon, a theme we had experience while supporting the [Urban Data Challenge]( [Make the most of hackathon season]( (2016) - A short, fun guide from the Swiss hackathon community. MIT [Health Hackathon Handbook]( (2016) - Focusing on health hackathons, this is a detailed, nicely put together, CC-licensed guide. - The [MedTech Boston Guide]( (2014) and the [Healthcare Hackathons]( Silver et al (2016) paper have similar focus. [Open4Citizens]( (2015) - This is a Horizon 2020 project which produced several guidelines related to running hackathons, including an [organizer's handbook]( [Open Data Hackathon How to Guide]( (2012) - Started updating this in [version 2.0]( [Civic Apps Competition Handbook]( O'Reilly (2012) - Though getting out of date, it mentions hackathons and how government can support them. - Similar to it is the [Routledge Handbook on Information Technology in Government]( (2017) #### Date uncertain: [Hackathon How-To Guide for Government Agencies]( from - An excellent overview of what's involved, clearly with a lot of design thinking involved. [Hack Code of Conduct]( - Inspired by the popular [Conference]( equivalent, it is something we always believed, but needed to have on paper. [GovHack Handbook]( - Oriented mostly at participants, but worthwhile reading for organizers as well. See also [general info]( and [get involved]( [MediaWiki Hackathons Handbook]( - Representative of some of the approaches and guidelines of the open source community. ## Events [In pursuit of Fair Co-Creation]( - Workshop at DINAcon 2018, as mentioned above. [Hacking and Making at Time-Bounded Events: Current Trends and Next Steps in Research and Event Design]( - Part of a conference series that motivated the document you are looking at. [Science Paper Hackathon]( - Interesting event in itself, with some leads to further research. [Hack for Ageing Well]( - An event we organised for a [European project](, which had an interesting context and required extra oversight, like production of [this report]( [Law Mining Hackathon at OKCon]( - The source of the trilingual [Guidelines]( of, with ties to the recent [Swiss LegalTech event]( See also our [workshop proposal]( [When blockchains, AI and Open Food Data come together]( - Updates from the latest Swiss hackathons, links to the Open Knowledge community.